How The mRNA Vaccines Were Made: Halting Progress and Happy Accidents

How The mRNA Vaccines Were Made: Halting Progress and Happy Accidents

Halting Progress and Happy Accidents: How mRNA Vaccines Were Made The stunning Covid vaccines manufactured by Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna drew upon long-buried discoveries made in the hopes of ending past epidemics. A 3D plaster model of a coronavirus spike protein in the office of Dr. Barney Graham, an immunologist and virologist recently retired from the Vaccine Research Center of the National Institutes of Health.Credit...Johnathon Kelso for The New York Times Thousands of miles from Dr. Barney Graham’s lab in Bethesda, Md., a frightening new coronavirus had jumped from camels to humans in the Middle East, killing one out of every three people infected. An expert on the world’s most intractable viruses, Dr. Graham had been working for months to develop a vaccine, but had gotten nowhere. Now he was terrified …
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