AI's human protein database a 'great leap' for research

AI's human protein database a 'great leap' for research

AI's human protein database a 'great leap' for research Scientists on Thursday unveiled the most exhaustive database yet of the proteins that form the building blocks of life, in a breakthrough observers said would "fundamentally change biological research". Every cell in every living organism is triggered to perform its function by proteins that deliver constant instructions to maintain health and ward off infection. Unlike the genome -- the complete sequence of human genes that encode cellular life -- the human proteome is constantly changing in response to genetic instructions and environmental stimuli. Understanding how proteins operate -- the shape in which they end up, or "fold" into -- within cells has fascinated scientists for decades. But determining each protein's precise function through direct experimentation is painstaking. Fifty years of research have until now yielded only 17 percent of the human proteome's amino acids, the subunits of proteins. On Thursday, researchers at Google's DeepMind and the European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL) unveiled a database of 20,000 proteins expressed by the human genome, freely and openly available online. They also included more …
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